Learn more about Jampha's Seven Unique Synergy Enhanced Terpenes (S.E.T.) Fusions
Terpenes are chemicals with a huge array of fragrances, flavors, and effects. Their extractions from plants are the most important components of essential oils used in herbal medicine, nutritional supplements, and cosmetics. Jampha has harnessed the power of these plant medicines into seven power-packed terpene profiles.
Isolated Terpene Properties
Alpha-Pinene and Beta-Pinene (a-pinene and b-pinene)
These two cannabis terpenes smell like pine trees, and that’s also where they can be found in large amounts. Other plants rich in pinene include rosemary, orange peels, basil, parsley, and of course, cannabis. Like many other terpenes, pinene terpenes have an anti-inflammatory effect on humans. More importantly, pinene terpenes help improve air flow and respiratory functions, while also helping to reduce memory loss related to THC. Cannabis, if the strain is rich in alpha and beta pinene, can actually help with asthma. Pinene also helps patients with arthritis, Crohn’s Disease, and cancer. Welcome to the benefits of pinene!
Alpha-bisabolol (also known as levomenol and bisabolol) has a pleasant floral aroma and can also be found in chamomile flowers and the candeia tree. This terpene is primarily used in the cosmetics industry, but it has recently caught the attention of researchers looking for medical benefits, especially from cannabis. Alpha-bisabolol shows effectiveness in treating bacterial infections and wounds and is a great antioxidant with anti-irritation and analgesic properties.
Phellandrene is commonly used in the perfume industry. The terpene's natural aroma, combined with its absorbency, makes this one sought-after terpene! We know that a-Phellandrene is perfect for:
Borneol, with its herbal minty scent, can be found in herbs like rosemary, mint, and camphor. This terpene is a good natural insect repellent which makes it great in preventing diseases that can be passed by ticks, fleas, and mosquitoes, like the West Nile virus. One study found that borneol kills breast cancer cells. Borneol is also widely used in traditional Chinese medicine like acupuncture.
Cadinene has been known to assist with reducing inflammation, improving energy levels, and uplifting the spirits of users. While we offer cadinene in our terpene selection, this chemical component is also found in basil essential oils and is often used to add flavoring to food.
Best known for its spicy and peppery note, caryophyllene is also found in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and spices like oregano, basil, and rosemary. Beta-caryophyllene binds to CB2 receptors, which makes it an ingredient in anti-inflammatory tropicals and creams. Caryophyllene is the only terpene that binds to cannabinoid receptors. Besides its analgesic and anti-anxiety properties, some studies have found that caryophyllene has some very promising properties for alcoholism rehabilitation. A group of scientists performed research on mice and found that this terpene reduces voluntary intake of alcohol. They even recommended caryophyllene for treating alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
The best way to describe the smell of camphene is it smells similar to fir needles, musky earth, and damp woodlands. Camphene aroma is often mistaken with myrcene, which is the trademark marijuana smell. From a medical point of view, camphene has great potential. When mixed with Vitamin C, camphene becomes a powerful antioxidant. It is widely used in conventional medicine as a topical for skin issues like eczema and psoriasis. Camphene's greatest potential lies in its ability to lower levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, further lowering the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Camphor (cinnamomum camphora) is a terpene (organic compound) that’s commonly used in creams, ointments, and lotions. Camphor oil is an oil extracted from the wood of camphor trees and processed by steam distillation. It can be used topically to relieve pain, irritation, and itching. Camphor is also used to relieve chest congestion and inflammatory conditions. Scientific research is limited for some of the purported uses for camphor and the evidence is largely anecdotal. Camphor oil may also be used to treat: hair loss, acne, warts, earaches, cold sores, hemorrhoids, heart disease symptoms, poor blood circulation, flatulence, anxiety, depression, muscle spasms, and low libido.
Findings suggest that citral increases energy dissipation and also reduces lipid accumulation, consequently preventing and ameliorating diet-induced obesity. In addition, citral has been found to improve insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. Citral's potential for healing is significant.
Delta 3 Carene
This terpene is found in a number of plants like rosemary, basil, bell peppers, cedar, and pine. Delta 3 carene's aroma is sweet and resembles the smell of a cypress tree. The terpene appears to be mostly beneficial in promoting the healing of broken bones. This gives hope to patients suffering from osteoporosis, arthritis, and even fibromyalgia. What is also interesting about this terpene is that it stimulates our memory and helps memory retention. Delta 3 carene may prove to be helpful in finding a cure for Alzheimer’s disease.
Also known as cineole, eucalyptol is the primary terpene of the eucalyptus tree. Eucalyptol has recognizable minty and cool tones in its smell, but most cannabis strains do not contain large amounts of the terpene. Eucalyptol usually makes up around 0.06% of a strain’s complete terpene profile. This terpene has been used in cosmetics, as well as medicine. Eucalyptol relieves pain but also slows the growth of bacteria and fungus. Although still in the early stages of research, this terpene has shown some promising effects on Alzheimer’s as well.
The therapeutic properties of clove oil are legendary. This terpene is commonly used as a stimulant and has expectorant, carminative, digestive, stomachic, sedative, and antispasmodic properties. Eugenol stimulates digestion, helps with flatulence, restores appetite, and is a highly effective aid in convalescence from illness or surgery.
Like borneol, fenchol is an antimicrobial and antifungal agent, with the ability to act as an anti-inflammatory. Neither fenchol nor borneol are known to act as sedatives or stimulants.
Besides cannabis, geraniol can be found in lemons and tobacco. The terpene's smell may remind us of roses, grass, peaches, or plums. Geraniol is usually used in aromatic bath products and body lotions. Geraniol has shown noteworthy potential as a neuroprotectant and antioxidant.
One of the most versatile terpenes available. G-terpinene offers a wide range of benefits for: Acaricide, Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, Aldose reductase inhibitor, Anti acetylcholinesterase, Anti feed-ant , Anti nitrosamines
Anti oxidant, Anti spasmodic, Flavor, Insecticide, Insectifuge, Irritant
Cytochrome-P450-2B1 inhibitor, Perfumery, Pesticide, and Spasmogenic.
Humulene was the first terpene found in hops. The terpene's aroma contains earthy, woody, and spicy notes. Besides cannabis, humulene can be found in clove, sage, and black pepper. The terpene has a variety of medical properties. Early research has shown humulene to be anti-proliferative, meaning it prevents cancer cells from growing. Humulene has also proven effective in suppressing appetite, making it a potential weight loss tool.
Limonene is the second most abundant terpene in all cannabis strains, but not all strains necessarily have it. As its name says, limonene gives strains a citrusy smell that resembles lemons, which is no surprise as all citrus fruits contain large amounts of this compound. Limonene is used in cosmetics and also in cleaning products. For therapeutic purposes, limonene is known to improve mood and reduce stress. Researchers have also found it to have anti-fungal and antibacterial properties, and one researcher even found the terpene to have a role in reducing tumor sizes.
This terpene is most responsible for the recognizable marijuana smell with its spicy and floral notes. Linalool is also found in lavender, mint, cinnamon, and coriander. What’s interesting is that just like those aromatic herbs, this terpene has very strong sedative and relaxation properties. Patients suffering from arthritis, depression, seizures, insomnia and even cancer, have all found aid in this amazing terpene. Linalool also reduces inflammation, relieves pain, and fights bacterial infections.
Trans-nerolidol is a terpene found in many strong aromatics like jasmine, tea tree, and lemongrass. As such, the terpene delivers a subdued and nuanced floral aroma with notes of fruity citrus, apples, and rose. This terpene is believed to produce sedating effects, and is being investigated as an anti-parasitic, antifungal, and anti-microbial agent and as a growth inhibitor of leishmaniasis.
Myrcene is the most abundant terpene in cannabis, and is abundant in nature as well. In fact, one study showed that myrcene makes up as much as 65% of total terpene profiles in some strains. Myrcene smell often reminds one of earthy, musky notes, resembling cloves. Also, the terpene has a fruity, red, grape-like aroma. Strains that contain 0.5% of this terpene are usually indicas with the associated sedative effects. It has also been reported that myrcene is useful in reducing inflammation and chronic pain, which is why it’s usually recommended as a supplement during cancer treatments.
Although further research is needed, ocimene has shown promising antiviral, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-oxidative, and antiseptic effects. Monoterpenes, such as ocimene, are used in aromatherapy as a decongestant because they act as a mucous membrane tonic.
Para cymene is a monoterpene found in over 100 plant species used for medicine and food purposes. The terpene shows a range of biological activity including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, anxiolytic, anticancer, and antimicrobial effects. This is explored in detail in the book Essential Oils: A Handbook for Aromatherapy Practice (2nd Edition) written by the aromatherapy expert, Jennifer Peace Rhind. It can be difficult to determine exactly what is impacting on the nervous system with essential oils, given the complexity and variety of terpenes found in any one oil; however, p-cymene, combined with other terpenes found in sweet marjoram oil, clearly has beneficial effects for numbing and soothing pain.
The discovery of phytol as an important part of a regular diet has led to many research studies regarding its use. Phytol is associated with Vitamins E and K. Vitamin E is useful for cell health and can help decrease cell aging. The terpene is useful for healthy skin and hair and a stronger immune system. Vitamin K, on the other hand, is involved in blood clotting and is useful in improving bone health, as well as the treatment of many gastrointestinal illnesses.
Phytol is also beneficial in regulating blood glucose and can possibly restore the metabolic functions of a type-2 diabetic. There have also been studies regarding the effectiveness of phytol in reducing cholesterol levels in blood, ultimately reducing blood pressure levels as well.
Pulegone is a monocyclic monoterpenoid that forms a minor part of the cannabis compound. You can find high concentrations of pulegone in rosemary. Rosemary has properties that enable it to break down acetylcholine in the brain, thereby facilitating communication between nerve cells. This terpene will help reduce stress.
Sabinene exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and antifungal properties. According to a study titled Anti-fungal, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of Oenanthe crochet L.essential oil, it has been found that sabinene exhibited strong anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharides and interferon gamma triggered macrophages. The terpene is also used to treat inflammation on the skin. Sabinene is also used for the treatment of dermatophytosis and other inflammatory conditions. Sabinene exhibits strong to moderate anti-bacterial activity against gram positive bacteria and anti-fungal activity against pathogenic fungi. Sabinene present in tea tree oil is an anti-bacterial and is antiseptic, anti-helicobacter, and anti-ulcer. Sabinene is also used in perfumery and as a flavoring in food.
Terpineol is a useful terpene for medical cannabis patients because it possesses a number of key therapeutic properties. Studies show that this terpene is able to help manage pain and inflammation, reduce the frequency and intensity of seizures, act as a gastroprotective, and kill bacteria. Patients who suffer from chronic seizures might also benefit from hemp strains containing high amounts of terpineol. It has been demonstrated that at doses between 100 and 400 mg/kg, terpineol is able to improve the latency and severity of seizures. Finally, besides reducing pain, inflammation, and the intensity of seizures, terpineol can be used to kill various microbial strains. In fact, one study reported that terpineol was effective against all microbial strains they tested, showing vast amounts of promise when used as a topical.
Terpinolene is used as an aroma agent in soaps and perfumes, and also as a component of some insect repellents. As opposed to other terpenes found in cannabis, terpinolene is neither an analgesic nor an anti-inflammatory. However, this terpene is studied for its anti fungal and antibacterial properties, and also for its mild sedative action. We are interested in terpinolene, as users and patients, because it is one of the actors in the synergetic performance that enhances the action of THC and CBD.
Trans-nerolidol is a secondary terpene found mostly in flowers like jasmine, lemongrass, and tea tree oil. The smell of trans-nerolidol reminds one of a mixture of rose, citrus, and apples and can be described in general as woody, citrus, and floral. Trans-nerolidol is best known for its anti-parasitic, antioxidant, anti-fungal, anticancer, and antimicrobial properties.
The aroma of terpineol can be best described as floral-like, reminiscent of lilacs, apple blossom, and a little bit citrusy. Terpineol tastes like anise and mint. Terpineol has a pleasant scent, similar to lilac, and is a common ingredient in perfumes, cosmetics, and flavors. The terpene promotes heavy relaxing behaviors such as the notorious “couch potato” effect. Medical benefits of terpineol also include antibiotic and antioxidant properties.
This terpene has its name from the sweet Valencia oranges — where it’s been found in large amounts. With its sweet citrusy aromas and flavors, valencene is used as an insect repellant. The terpene is also known for its sedative and calming properties. Valencene also shows promise in traumatic stress and anxiety disorder treatment.