August 05, 2020 3 min read
You may have heard about the importance of "full-spectrum," "whole plant," or "broad-spectrum" CBD products. Whole-plant CBD from hemp includes naturally occurring chemical compounds called cannabinoids.
The industrial hemp plant contains more than 100 cannabinoids. The vast majority are not psychoactive and do not produce a 'high' as THC does.
When you consume a full-spectrum CBD product, the cannabinoids work by binding to a system of internal receptors found from head to toe inside your body. Different cannabinoids provide distinct medicinal properties and unique benefits.
Here is what research reveals (so far) about each of the best-known cannabinoids.
CBDA is the acidic and biologically active version of CBD. Found in fresh cannabis leaves and flowers, CBDA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid with gentle sedative properties, and it occurs in Sativa strains with higher CBD levels.
Most commonly known as an anti-inflammatory, studies show CBDA reduces nausea, fights depressionat lower doses than CBD, and inhibits aggressive cancer cells' growth. Researchers think CBDA may be useful for people with rare forms of epilepsy.
CBN occurs when oxygen or light degrades THC. Since the oxidation process breaks down the THC molecules, CBN is about four times less psychoactive. So far, CBN is the most sedative of all the cannabinoids and works better when used with CBD.
Non-psychoactive CBG appears in cannabis plants only in minimal quantities. Since it starts as the CBGA molecule, an acid that is the foundational molecule for almost all the other cannabinoids, CBG is called "the mother of all cannabinoids."
It's expensive to produce, but CBG's potential medical benefits show real promise. In addition to working as an antibacterial agent, studies show CBG to potentially combat Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Huntington's Disease, bladder dysfunctions, and colon cancer.
CBC comes from a recessive gene and occurs naturally only in a few cannabis strains. Studies show its medical applications, and its popularity skyrocketed. Breeders have boosted CBC production by crossbreeding.
THCV can be intoxicating, depending on the dose. In higher doses, THCV is associated with an energetic, alert, and focused high. It shares many properties with THC, but it differs in other ways.
Non-psychoactive CBL comes from older cannabis plants, typically stored long enough after harvest to degrade. Its unusual source makes CBL relatively rare and hard to produce. Many additional studies are needed to determine all possible health applications.
Every day we make dozens of choices, and health improvement can be one of the toughest. While systematic research into the health and medical benefits of cannabinoids is just beginning, initial results are remarkable. The more scientists learn, the more studies they want to do.
Each of these cannabinoids has additional benefits not listed here or not fully documented yet. There are still dozens just like these that have yet to have their potential realized. Stay tuned as additional research reveals more.
If you want a full-spectrum CBD product for a specific health reason and want to make sure your product includes the best cannabinoids for you, you can search. Type in "cannabinoids [health reason] study" or something similar, and you'll see the most updated research publicly available.
Review any CBD products to make sure they include your target cannabinoids, and always consult your doctor about adding CBD. Remember to find out if there are any interactions with your prescription medications before consuming them.
Plant medicine has ancient roots in human history. The cannabis plant's science brings plant medicine into the modern world — simple solutions with remarkable results. Find a whole plant CBD product that supports your lifestyle.
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